What Are Burn Wounds? How Can You Prevent Them?

Burn Management
Burn Awareness

“Don’t wait for a fire to locate the exits. Practice Fire Safety” – Frank Sonnenberg

A burn wound is a damage to your body’s tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or radiation. Scalds from hot liquids and steam, building fires, flammable liquids and gases are the most common causes of burns.

There are 5 types of burns depending on the severity.

Types of Burn Wounds

First Degree Burns – Injuries that are localized to the epidermis or outer layers of the skin.

Superficial Second Degree Burns – Injuries that affect the epidermis and superficial papillary dermis

Deep Second Degree Burns  – Injuries that are through the epidermis and deep up to reticular dermis

Third Degree Burns – Full thickness injury through the epidermis and dermis into the subcutaneous fat

Fourth Degree Burns – Injuries that pierce through the skin and subcutaneous fat into underlying muscle or bone

What Can Burn Wounds Cause

Burn wounds can cause swelling, blistering, scarring and in grave cases, shock and even death. They also can lead to infections due to the damage sustained by your skin’s protective barrier. Treatment for burn wounds depends on the cause of the burn, how deep it is and how much of the body it covers. Antibiotic creams can prevent or treat infections. For more serious burn wounds, treatment may be needed to clean the wound, replace the skin, and make sure the patient has enough fluids and nutrition.

Burn wounds are some of the worst kinds of wounds that any person can receive. While it’s important to note the types of burn wounds and their harmful effect, there is a way to prevent it from ever happening.

Think Prevention

Here are some ways in which you can prevent burn wounds from ever happening whether it’s at your office, place of business or even your home.

  • Improve awareness
  • Develop and enforce effective safety policies
  • Identify risk factors & take necessary precautions
  • Provide burn prevention programmes
  • Strengthen capacities to carry out all of the above
  • Enclose fires and limit the height of open flames in domestic environments
  • Promote safer cooking stoves and less hazardous fuels, and educate people regarding loose clothing
  • Apply safety regulations to housing designs and materials and encourage home inspections for potential fire/emergency leading to burns
  • Improve the design of cook stoves, particularly with regard to stability and prevention of access by children.
  • Lower the temperature in hot water taps
  • Promote fire safety education and the use of smoke detectors, fire sprinklers, and fire-escape systems in homes
  • Promote the introduction of and compliance with industrial safety regulations, and the use of fire-retardant fabrics for children’s sleepwear
  • Avoid smoking in bed and encourage the use of child-resistant lighters
  • Promote legislation mandating the production of fire-safe cigarettes
  • Support the development and distribution of fire-retardant aprons to be used while cooking around an open flame or kerosene stove
  • Electrical plugs / switches should have a cover, switch off the main and unplug all the wires
  • Check the electrical wiring periodically
  • Gas cylinder along with stove to be switched off immediately

Don’ts

  1. Do not have kitchen shelf above the cooking area
  2. Do not use the loose end of the saree or dupatta to carry vessels
  3. Do not use long lying table cover/cloth for the toddlers to access or drag are
  4. Do not carry hot water in large Quantity and leave it unattended when kids are around
  5. Toilet cleaning acids to be stored in a place that is not accessible for the child
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