Essential Burn Care Treatment: A Guide for Post Burn Skin Care

Essential Burn Care Treatment
Burn Awareness

Post-burn skin care can come across as a challenging task, overwhelming even, to someone who has sustained serious burn injuries. Even though post-burn skin care extensively depends on the type and severity of the burn, there is a set guide recommended by every physician for a healing process that accompanies the least amount of distress.But before that, it’s necessary for one to be aware of the degree of burn they are dealing with.

The severity of a burn is determined by its “degree”. They classify into three:



  • Red, painful
  • No blisters
  • Heals within 3-5 days


Superficial Partial Thickness—

  • The burn extends beneath the top layer of the skin (epidermis)
  • Blisters form
  • Heals in 15-25 days

Deep Partial Thickness—

  • Blisters, pigmentation and/or scarring may be found
  • Heals in 45-60 days
  • May require Scar Management


Full Thickness—

  • The burn extends through the second layer of the skin (dermis)
  • Skin may appear cherry red, white, brown or black
  • Blisters may or may not appear
  • Little to no pain due to widespread damage to the nerves and tissues
  • Specialized treatment is required for healing


The kind of treatment for your skin; inclusive of prescriptions, application of Scar Management, etc.,  depend upon the severity of your burn, which is why it’s essential to be aware of the same as some precautions may or may not apply to your condition.

First second third degree burns

Below are a few guidelines to follow for when your skin is recovering post hospitalization:


Wash your healed area with a micro-antibacterial soap to lessen the chances of an infection.Soaking in a bathtub, however, is not advisable as the injured skin is cracked and very sensitive.Ensure that the water is cool; not cold nor hot.


The oil-producing glands that normally hydrate your skin are damaged, the result of which is dry, scaly skin. To counter this, ensure that a lubricant is applied and massaged externally at regular intervals. Avoid lotions that contain lanolin, and alcohol. Also, opt for a cream or lotion that is non-comedogenic.


While the skin is healing, it can get itchy. It’s important at all costs, to avoid scratching your already delicate skin. If the itchiness is excessive enough to hinder your daily activities, your specialist may prescribe medications that will provide you with some relief.


Depending on the extremes of your injury, be wary of the amount of physical activity you can take on, especially if the injury is around your joints or bones. Consult your physiotherapist on the activities that you specifically need to avoid during this healing phase.


Your new skin is thin, hyper-sensitive and will burn easily, which is why it’s essential to avoid direct exposure to sunlight. The duration for this will differ on the degree of your injury, so consult with your specialized physician. Wear light-colored clothing that provides you with full coverage. Also, avoid extreme temperatures from contacting your healed or grafted area.



If a pressure garment is recommended, it must be worn throughout the day and taken off only for bathing. Change your garment after each bath. Using sunblock underneath your clothing and pressure garment is essential before stepping outside.


A nutritious diet will fasten your healing process. Your first goal is to maintain a healthy body mass ratio. Eat foods that are rich in protein and essential vitamins like A, C, D and E. Foods like Spirulina, Beans, Tofu, and Nuts are packed with these. It’s necessary to incorporate whole grain foods, fruits, and a lot of vegetables.

For burns that are second degree and above, it is absolutely vital to follow specific skin-care instructions and other dietary requirements that are given by your concerned physician or dietitian and/or physiotherapist. Any irregularities or side effects experienced by you from your treatment should be conveyed to your specialist as well.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Burn Awareness
Quick Tips to Treat Fire Burns from Crackers

Diwali is usually the time for grand celebrations. However, if you ask the folks working in the emergency department at various hospitals, they will readily tell you that cases of fire burns and related injuries increase significantly during Diwali. Every year, hundreds of fire burns and related injuries are reported …

Burn Awareness
Mental Health of Burn Victims

Mental health refers to the condition of an individual in regards to their psychological, social and emotional well-being.  Burns can be physically and psychologically devastating. Recovery of optimal function to associate with the society both physically and psychologically is an important factor in the treatment of burn victims.- Burns may …

Burn Awareness
Dos and Don’ts for a Safe and Happy Diwali

Diwali is a mega event in India. It is a happy occasion for everyone across India, and it should be kept that way! Being the Festival of Light, Diwali celebrations expose you to many fire related activities such as lighting diyas, fire crackers, among many others. So, there is always …